Category: hgnvtjyn

FDA Launches Grebo-Krahn National Park

first_imgFDA Managing Director, C. Mike DoryenAt long last, following legislative approval on August 22, 2017, the Grebo-Krahn National Park was  formally launched over the weekend in Zwedru, Grand Gedeh County, before a record crowd, including citizens of River Gee, an FDA release has said.The ceremony, which was overwhelmingly graced by hundreds of concerned community dwellers, as well as chiefs and elders in the area, certainly indicates Liberia’s reaffirmation to uphold biodiversity conservation efforts in the sub-region consistent with international best practices.Speaking at the elaborate ceremony while officially launching the park for and on behalf of the Government of Liberia (GoL), FDA Managing Director C. Mike Doryen, who officially launched the  project, lauded the citizens for their commitment and firm cooperation that generated the fruitful conduct of the historic event, which he said forms an important part of government’s pro-poor policy.Doryen said the government will exert all efforts to ensure that the park regularly remains Liberia’s pride now and in the future.According to the release, Mr. Doryen outlined the benefits the citizens stand to reap, such as job creation and other basic social and economic empowerment as a result of the establishment of the park.He also praised and recognized the efforts of partners in the Liberian forest sector, who had over the years supported government’s dream of creating the Grebo-Krahn Park, which Doryen described as a “worthy venture as far as preserving our heritage is concerned.”In separate statements, representatives of the collaborating partners, including GIZ/AMBERO, SCNL, WABICC, AHT/KFW, and Wild Chimpanzee Foundation (WCF), among many others, thanked the citizens for their understanding and cooperation in making the dream come true, a dream they described as a millstone for Liberia.They pledged to always remain supportive in the effective management of the park.Earlier the chiefs, elders and youth leaders who separately made remarks, praised government for the establishment of the park, but challenged partners to live up to their share of commitment.They called for needed development initiatives within communities bordering the park in terms of satisfying their social and economic needs.The superintendents of Grand Gedeh and River Gee counties made remarks, each admonishing the citizens to remain law abiding as opposed to pursuing violent means to solve problems.Superintendent Kai Farley of Grand Gedeh County assured the citizens that he will ensure a proper representation of their interest, which will be consistent with benefits associated with the establishment of the park.Farley also promised to ensure that the national interest attached to this park remains protected at all times in line with international best practices as far as the conservation of biodiversity is concerned.In a related development, a similar launch of the Gola National Park is expected to take place in Tima Town,Gbarpolu County, tomorrow.Through the 2006 National Forestry reform law, the Liberian government registered its commitment and firm political will to conserve 30 percent of its forest landscape as protected areas primarily to benefit present and future generations.To this end, Liberia is cherished in the sub region for observing and upholding this policy thereby becoming a compliant nation in the sub-region consistent with international expectations.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

Expectations on Liverpool to end long wait for league title

first_img0Shares0000Time for a title? Mohamed Salah will spearhead Liverpool’s challenge to Manchester City © AFP / Anthony DevlinLIVERPOOL, United Kingdom, Aug 11 – Jurgen Klopp is trying to keep a lid on expectations, but ahead of the new Premier League season, Anfield is brimming with excitement that Liverpool could finally end a near three decade wait to be crowned champions of England.Often outgunned by the riches of fierce rivals Manchester United and the oil-backed wealth of Chelsea and Manchester City in recent times, this summer Liverpool were the Premier League’s biggest spenders in a reported £170 million splurge ($219 million). “We had to create a squad which is strong enough and wide enough to cope with the Premier League and to be as successful as possible,” said Klopp on Friday.The club’s business was also done early to give Brazil’s number one Alisson Becker and midfielders Fabinho, Naby Keita and Xherdan Shaqiri time to bed in before their campaign kicks off at home to West Ham on Sunday.Just as importantly, unlike Luis Suarez and Philippe Coutinho who were lured away from Anfield to Barcelona in recent years, Mohamed Salah and Roberto Firmino signed new contracts as a statement of intent of what is to come for Klopp’s Liverpool.Despite not winning a trophy since the charismatic German coach took charge in 2015, the Reds are also building from position of strength.A run to the Champions League final in May before losing out to Real Madrid showed both how far Liverpool had come in his time in charge, but also where there was room for improvement.Missing piece? Liverpool shelled out a then world record fee for a goalkeeper on Alisson Becker © AFP / Paul FAITHTwo monumental errors by Loris Karius forced the club to bite the bullet and spend big for a top class goalkeeper.The 72.5 million euro ($84 million) fee paid for Alisson was a world record for a ‘keeper, but just a few weeks on seems reasonable compared to the 80 million euros Chelsea splashed out for the far more inexperienced Kepa Arrizabalaga from Athletic Bilbao.Madrid also outclassed Liverpool in midfield in Kiev, as they have done to most sides in winning three straight Champions League titles thanks to the talent of Luka Modric and Toni Kroos.But the additions of Fabinho and Keita significantly improve Liverpool’s quality in that area of the field and crucially fit perfectly into Klopp’s high pressing system.Despite thrashing Manchester City 5-1 over two legs in the Champions League quarter-finals, Klopp’s men finished 25 points adrift of the record-breaking Premier League champions last season.“The champions are Manchester City; they didn’t lose any player and they brought in (Riyad) Mahrez, so that doesn’t make them weaker,” warned Klopp, insisting Liverpool are still the underdogs.“We are still Rocky Balboa and not Ivan Drago. We are the ones who have to do more and fight more -– that must be our attitude.”But with such a tight turnaround with less than a month between the World Cup final and Premier League kick-off, Klopp’s preparations have also been far less affected than other sides in England’s top six.Salah and Sadio Mane were able to join the club’s pre-season tour in the United States are being knocked out in the group stages in Russia with Egypt and Senegal, while Andy Robertson, Virgil van Dijk, Keita, Fabinho and James Milner had the summer off.“Liverpool have waited 28 years. Not just for the league title, but for a pre-season where so many pundits and supporters believe they can win it,” wrote former Liverpool captain Jamie Carragher in The Telegraph.Even the legendary Pele jumped on the Liverpool bandwagon on Friday in support of countrymen Alisson and Firmino.“I think it’s the year of Liverpool, Alisson and Firmino!” tweeted the Brazilian great.Liverpool have spent nearly three years surpassing expectations under Klopp. Now the pressure is on to meet them.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)last_img read more

Meet the writers, and maybe become one

first_img AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MORECoach Doc Rivers a “fan” from way back of Jazz’s Jordan Clarkson Born in suburban New Jersey, Fry wanted to be a cowboy when she grew up. Instead, she flipped hamburgers for White Castle, taught horseback riding at summer camp, sold subscriptions to Life magazine door-to-door, and spent a year in a Maya Indian village in Belize teaching children to read. At age 8, she wrote a book called “Silver the Wild Horse” – all in capital letters because she didn’t know how to work the shift key on the typewriter. The illustrations were in crayon. Since then Fry has sold hundreds of articles and short stories to newspapers and magazines. Fry’s books are “The Beginning Dressage Book,” first published in 1981 by Arco Publishing and republished in 2003 by The Lyons Press, and “Backyard Horsekeeping: The Only Guide You’ll Ever Need,” published by Lyons Press in 2004. She is wrapping up “How to Cook a Mountain Cow,” a culinary memoir of her stay in Belize 42 years ago. On Feb. 12, Deanne Stillman will speak on “The Power of Place,” explaining the role of landscape in narrative nonfiction. Stillman is the author of “Twentynine Palms: A True Story of Murder, Marines, and the Mojave,” published by William Morrow. On March 12, Dorothy Howell will talk on “Fighting For Your Dream.” Discouraged from writing, she gave it up as a stupid dream, then found someone who supported her and she decided to go for it. Her 20th book, “The Hired Husband,” came out in November. She has three more books planned for publication through 2006. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! LANCASTER – Free monthly lectures will introduce professional writers to the community. The Meet the Writers talks will be hosted by an organization called Antelope Valley Writers on the second Sunday of each month. Local author Joan Fry will be speak on “How to Turn Your Hobby into a Money-Maker: Write about it,” from 2 to 4 p.m. Sunday at Cedar Centre Galleries, 44851 Cedar Ave. Fry, who is on the faculty of the Antelope Valley College, is a longtime freelance writer with more than 1,000 published articles. She started by writing for the speciality markets, which in her case was horse and cooking publications. Her horse hobby has produced two books and she has a culinary memoir in the works. last_img read more


first_imgA piper leads Donegal Person of the Year Liam O Cuinneagain and Martin Mc Gettigan, President, Donegal Person of the Year, into the award function in Dublin on Saturday night.Archbishop of Dublin Diarmuid Martin with Liam and Anne Ui Chuinneagain at the Donegal Person of the Year function in Dublin on Saturday night.Dolores Nic Geidigh, Cllr David Alcorn, Lorraine Mc Gettigan and MEP Pat the Cope Gallagher at the Donegal Person of the Year award in Dublin.Sean Mc Elwee, Charlie ‘Dora’ Mc Ginley and Minister of State Dinny Mc Ginley TD at the Donegal Person of the Year function in Dublin.Martin Mc Gettigan, President, Donegal Association in Dublin presenting Liam O Cuinnegain with the 2013 Donegal Person of the Year Award in Dublin last night Saturday.DONEGAL PERSON OF THE YEAR LIAM O CUINNEAGAIN’S BIG NIGHT – PIC SPECIAL was last modified: March 2nd, 2014 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:donegalDublin AssociationLIAM Ó CUINNEAGÁINPerson Of Yearlast_img read more

Manchester United ‘made enquiry about Cristiano Ronaldo’

first_img RANKED Man United joined by three other clubs in race for Erling Haaland Manchester United made an enquiry to Real Madrid about buying back former star Cristiano Ronaldo. Ronaldo – who left United for Real in the summer of 2009 for £80million – appears to be close to completing an £88million move to Serie A giants Juventus as the club are willing to meet his wage demands and make the sensational move happen. Tony Cascarino backs Everton to sign two strikers for Carlo Ancelotti 2 2 LATEST LIVING THE DREAM Latest transfer news IN DEMAND targets The sale of Ronaldo could help Real Madrid fund moves for the likes of Neymar and Kylian Mbappe The biggest market value losers in 2019, including Bale and ex-Liverpool star Arsenal transfer news LIVE: Ndidi bid, targets named, Ozil is ‘skiving little git’ Kevin De Bruyne ‘loves Man City and wants to keep winning’, reveals father Cavani ‘agrees’ to join new club and will complete free transfer next summer Ronaldo’s days at Real Madrid appear to be numbered Getty Images Selling Ronaldo could thus fund a move for the likes of Neymar, 26, or Kylian Mbappe, 19, despite the fact the club released a statement saying they had not agreed a world-record deal for the Frenchman.However, sources close to Real believe that the leaks about Ronaldo and Juventus were done to “test the waters” to see how the sale of a club legend would be to the Bernabeu support.A Ronaldo move to Juve could suit all parties, although there is some way to go, with the situation further complicated by UEFA’s re-opened probe into PSG’s sponsorship deals.Juventus are a club looking to expand and have been very busy in the transfer market as they look to become European champions for the first time since 1985. moving on Where every Premier League club needs to strengthen in January Top nine Premier League free transfers of the decade However, The Independent claims that United’s executive vice chairman Ed Woodward enquired about the former Red Devil as he wants a marquee name for the summer, but was told that significant progress had been made by the Italian club.There were rumours of a contract stand-off between Ronaldo and Los Blancos, but sources close to the situation say it has gone beyond that stage.The Portuguese, 33, has been left frustrated that the European champions have not lived up to perceived assurances to keep him as the best paid player in the world, with the last contracts signed by Lionel Messi and Neymar significantly overtaking him.Real president Florentino Perez is also looking into the future – and the club will be keen to acquire a big new player who is also younger than Ronaldo. targets REVEALED last_img read more

‘Jose Mourinho is getting stick for no reason’ – Paul Ince defends Man United boss

first_img 2 2 Mourinho celebrated by hurling a water bottle carrier to the floor at Old Trafford “So I can understand where Mourinho is coming from as far as shaking his head at Rashford – I can see that, it’s a manager thing.“I think he’s getting a lot of stick for no reason, to be honest.”Listen to Paul Ince on the Alan Brazil Sports Breakfast IN FULL above! His actions were condemned by the likes of Gary Lineker, Paul Scholes and Rio Ferdinand, who were all television pundits for the match.EXCLUSIVE: Jose Mourinho showing signs of ‘anxiety, stress and… over-arousal’, says sports psychotherapistMeanwhile, the Portuguese coach has been criticised for his poor man-management having made a number of public comments about his players throughout the season.But Ince has backed the manager, telling the Alan Brazil Sports Breakfast: “I feel for Mourinho at the moment because a lot of people are on his back.“I’m a pundit but I’ve also managed, whereas a lot of pundits have not managed. Former Manchester United star Paul Ince has defended Jose Mourinho, claiming he is being given a hard time by the press and pundits ‘for no reason’.The Red Devils boss has come under fire for the team’s performance and his touchline behaviour during Tuesday’s Champions League victory over Young Boys, which sealed their progression to the last 16.Mourinho made no secret of his annoyance when he reacted to Marcus Rashford’s early miss at Old Trafford, and later smashed a full water bottle carrier to the ground in celebration of Marouane Fellaini’s winning goal. Paul Ince has come to the defence of Jose Mourinho last_img read more

Donegal schools get Clar funding for play areas

first_imgTwo schools in Donegal to benefit from more than €80,000 in latest the round of special scheme funding to improve play areas.The schools benefiting from the latest round of Clár funding are Trentagh N.S. (Scoil Náisiunta Triantaigh), Temple Douglas and Craigtown National School, Glenagannon.Craigtown has secured €50,000 for extension and upgrading of the existing play area with raised walkway, playground equipment and outdoor furniture. Trentagh has been awarded €33,162 to upgrade and extend the existing play area and provide playground equipment, seating and fencing.Donegal TD Joe McHugh has welcomed funding under the Clár programme for two schools to undertake works to improve play areas.“This funding is part of efforts to improve play time, leisure and the social aspect of school time for our youngsters,” Mr McHugh said.“We were always told that schooldays are the best years of life and investments like these will make a long-lasting difference for youngsters and through them for their parents.” Mr McHugh added: “Rural communities benefit hugely from the Clár funding programme and this latest investment will provide visible reminders of the efforts being made by the Government to do more for local communities.“It’s only a week since this Government announced almost €200,000 Clár funding to improve safety at six schools in Donegal.“Now we have another dimension to the Clár scheme and more schools getting access to valuable funding. And we are confident that there will be access to more funding through Clár in the coming week.“That kind of investment in our children’s future is a far cry from the years of cuts and austerity in the wake of Fianna Fáil boom to bust policies.”Minister McHugh paid tribute to Government colleague Michael Ring T.D., Minister for Rural and Community Development for his work on the scheme and his continued focus on funding for Donegal. “The long-running support from Minister Ring for our county is immense. I want to thank my cabinet colleague for these repeated announcements and I understand his office is working hard on the next round of funding through the Clár scheme,” Mr McHugh said.“Earlier this year there was unfounded criticism about Clár funding in Donegal and this latest announcement, on the back of last week’s, is further proof of it were needed that the Fine Gael Government is delivering for Donegal and that rural support programmes are high on the agenda.”Donegal schools get Clar funding for play areas was last modified: July 6th, 2018 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:Clar fundingdonegalschoolslast_img read more

Football ‘more than just a game’

first_img26 November 2007Robben Island is a notorious symbol of South Africa’s apartheid regime: a prison with a history of violently oppressing political dissidents.The infamous jail was, however, the setting for an improbable triumph of the human spirit, when five political prisoners joined to form the Makana Football Association and organise a soccer league on the island.More Than Just A Game, a new film telling the story of the Makana Football Association and its five founders, had its world premier in Durban on Friday as part of the official programme for the 2010 Fifa World Cup preliminary draw.View the trailer on Fifa.comProduced by Anant Singh and Helena Spring, directed by Junaid Ahmed and starring Presley Chweneyagae from the Oscar award-winning Tsotsi, the film tells the story of how political activists who were unjustly imprisoned on Robben Island in the 1960s rose above their incarceration through the creation of a football league.For years, political prisoners had to fight for the right to play football on the island, with men secretly playing the game in their cells with balls made of pieces of paper, cardboard and rags held together with string.The island’s authorities finally gave in, granting inmates the right to play football in 1965. The prisoners then built their own goals and would swap their drab prison garb and play in the colours of their teams on Saturdays. The Makana FA was formed in 1966.“They all banded together and tried to survive, enduring some of the harshest conditions known to man, using football as a means to build moral and mutual respect,” said producer Anant Singh.However, the island’s most famous prisoner, Nelson Mandela, was among a small group, including Walter Sisulu and Ahmed Katrada, who were barred from taking part in or even watching the prison football league.“For almost two decades these men were not allowed to witness a single soccer match that took place only metres from them,” said the film’s director, Junaid Ahmed.Ahmed described More than just a game as a “remarkable telling of our history … It uncovers layers of history that I never knew of before, and it shows the great sacrifices people made for our freedom.”In a ceremony held on Robben Island in July 2007, the Makana Football Association was made an honorary associate member of Fifa.Speaking at the time, Fifa representative Jerome Champagne said More Than Just A Game had a universal message. “It shows the role football played in the history of this country and it shows what football can achieve – dignity and equality. It also highlights the value of the human spirit.“Fifa is proud, happy and humbled to be part of this production that will have global appeal,” Champagne said.The film premiere was be attended by the original five Robben Islanders on whom the film is based, namely Mark Shinners, Anthony Suze, Lizo Sitoto, Sedick Isaacs and Marcus Solomon, as well as the actors that play them: Presley Chweneyagae, Wright Ngubeni, Az Abrahams, Tshepo Maseko and Merlin Balie.Also in attendance were soccer legends Michel Platini and Franz Beckenbauer, among others, as well as representatives of more than 100 football associations and a large contingent of international media.The film will be released at more than 50 screens nationally in South Africa through United International Pictures (South Africa) in December 2007.SAinfo reporter Want to use this article in your publication or on your website?See: Using SAinfo materiallast_img read more

What’s in a South African name? From Krotoa to Van der Stel

first_imgDespite generations of official efforts to keep South Africans apart, “racial” mingling goes back to the very first years when white and black met at the Cape of Good Hope.Unravelling our ancestry – and our names. From left, Krotoa of the Goringhaicona, Shaykh Yusuf of the Macassar, Walter Sisulu and Simon van der Stel.Saddled with the burden of apartheid and colonial-slanted textbooks, South Africans have tended to take their identities from their political leanings. But so-called “mixed marriages” are as old as South Africa itself. And more people are finding family tree research the key to understanding their own heritages.The first written records of births, deaths and marriages, incomplete though they are, came with Dutchman Jan van Riebeeck in 1652, when he set out to establish a way station at the Cape of Good Hope with the aid of Robben Island.Krotoa of the GoringhaiconaPerhaps the most representative of the mix of South African ancestry lines dating from those early days is the marriage of Krotoa of the Goringhaicona, a Khoi interpreter who worked for Van Riebeeck and married a colleague of his, Danish explorer Pieter Meerhof.Burdened with the double obligation of fitting into European society and being loyal to her own people, Krotoa’s life was made even harder when Meerhof was seconded to Robben Island as superintendent.Left as one of only two women on the island when her husband was killed on a slaving expedition, and shunned by both societies, Krotoa succumbed to depression and an early death at only 32. But she left behind at least eight children, one of whom was the progenitor of the Zaaiman family in South Africa.Some of them went on to become key figures from all spectrums – including white premiers Paul Kruger, Jan Smuts and FW de Klerk.Slave routes, slave rootsThen came the slaves: in 1658 the first two boatloads – one from Angola and one from west Africa – arrived, and some of these went on to marry Dutch citizens of the Cape or bear children by them after intermarriage became outlawed.One couple, Anna and Evert, who were purchased by the Dutch from African slave lords in Benin in 1658, produced a daughter who went on to have a son by prosperous Dutchman Bastiaan Colyn. Her son, Johannes, married a descendant of the wealthy Cloete family and purchased De Hoop op Constantia, still one of the finest estates in the Cape.After west Africa was declared out of bounds, the Dutch East India Company began bringing in slaves from the east – either from their base in Djakarta or China, Sri Lanka or India, often with Arabs as middlemen. The first boatloads arrived in 1681, and by 1730 they had extended their operations to include the Mascarenes, Mozambique and Zanzibar, with Portuguese colonists as middlemen.With only 19 European women and 100 white free burghers at the Cape in 1677, most 13th generation South Africans with colonial ancestry have at least one slave ancestor from these parts. Though European female numbers increased 30 years later, slave women were often favoured for their beauty, and many became the ancestral mothers (or stammoeders) of generations of families in South Africa.Angela of BengalBefore the first official slave consignments had been sanctioned, Angela of Bengal (or Maaij Ansela) was bought by Jan van Riebeeck, the founder of the Dutch colony, was resold and freed by her master. She then married Arnoldus Willemsz Bason, and became the stammoeder of the Basson family in South Africa.Through marriages of her children, Maaij (or Mooi, beautiful) Ansela is also the stammoeder of the Bergh and Van As families. One of her descendants was Voortrekker leader Andries Pretorius, who married Anna Retief, niece of slain trekboer Piet.In 1692, four of the 34 Cape Town free burghers had ex-slave wives, but according to “Cape Town, Making of a City”, compiled by Nigel Worden et al, this mestizo culture was gradually discouraged by the ruling Dutch, although this did not discourage illicit affairs – and illegitimate children borne out of such unions.One well-researched case is that of Isabella of Angola, who had children by a Dutchman thought to be Cornelis Claassen.One of Isabella’s children is believed to be Armosyn van de Kaap, who became matron of the Slave Lodge and went on to have a daughter by a European. Armosyn’s daughter later married German soldier Hermann Combrink, the stamvader of that prolific family in South Africa.Often the only ticket for freedom for slave women – or their children – was through marriage to a white man. In terms of a 1685 decree, male halfslag Company slaves of European ancestry were permitted to buy their freedom at 25, females at 22, provided they had been confirmed in the Dutch Reformed Church and could speak Dutch. Because of this, many Muslims officially converted religions, providing yet another marriage barrier.Other Easterners taken as slaves were Muslim political leaders who objected to Dutch domination in the East Indies, perhaps the most well-known being Shaykh Yusuf, whose kramat near Faure is today an important pilgrimage destination for South African Muslims.It is still not known whether Yusuf’s remains lie in the tomb or were transported back to Macassar, as the Dutch government reported, but some of his descendants did remain. One of his grandsons married Marie Jordaan, whose origins were in France.The HuguenotsIn 1688, a new influence brought with it another European aspect to the cultural kaleidoscope: the first French Huguenot Protestants escaping Catholic persecution in France were brought out by the Dutch.Settling the area now known as Franschhoek, many of the Huguenots owned slaves to cultivate the winelands, and half-caste children, born mainly out of wedlock, were among the unfortunates who produced children who failed to pass the apartheid government’s pencil test over two centuries later.By the early 1700s Dutch farmers had started moving inland. Though they were not officially allowed to be enslaved, Xhosa and Khoi were employed by the Dutch under conditions often equivalent to slavery, and inter-breeding among all three continued, often in the capacity of mistress or cuckold.1820 settlers, shipwreck survivorsIn 1795, the British occupied the Cape for the first time, and after losing it to the Dutch again in 1803, seized it as their own in 1806. With the British occupation came the impoverished 1820 settlers, who were sent to help wrest land from the Xhosa in the Eastern Cape and the Zulu in KwaZulu-Natal.One of the better-known of these settlers to cross the racial divide was Henry Fynn, who befriended Zulu King Shaka and fathered children by many Zulu wives.Other English names which crop up regularly in the history of the Wild Coast, traditionally the home of the Pondo, are King and Cane, explorers who lived among the local tribes.Shipwreck survivors through the centuries have also produced many a blue-eyed black child in the area. In his book “The Caliban Shore”, Stephen Taylor describes the meeting of survivors from The Grosvenor with an escaped Cape slave who had made his home on the Eastern frontier, an indication of other possible influences in tribal ancestry.Inter-tribal marriage was another influence, as Shaka absorbed smaller tribes in his quest for dominance.With British rule came the banning of slave importation in 1807, but boatloads of “prize negroes”, slaves secured by the government from illegal slave ships, were still introduced into the colony as cheap labour. A number of British settlers married Madagascans and Mauritians imported in this way.St Helena servantsIn 1834, slavery was officially abolished, and mission stations dotted around the Cape absorbed many of those left jobless by the system.Another much-contested scheme to compensate for the loss of slave labour saw a wave of St Helena servants imported, which continued to the end of the 19th century. A large portion of Cape Town’s Cape Flats today is the product of intermarriages, and many can remember their St Helena ancestors being broken by the system which crushed their progress with forced removals in the 1960s.For brief spells between frontier wars, there was relative peace among the many nations of the land, but it was not long before the Boer Dutch farmers grew unhappy with their lot under British rule without slaves, and headed north.By the time of the South African (or Anglo-Boer) War in 1899, after the diamond rush and the discovery of gold, Boers had married Brits, who had followed the original settlers in droves, both had married across the colour line, and slaves had married Khoi and Bantu.Walter Sisulu, Simon van der StelThough marriage across the colour line was outlawed, it was little deterrent to those with soul aspirations. Perhaps the most well-known and most ironic product of such unions was ANC stalwart and pragmatic long-time adviser and friend of Nelson Mandela throughout his exile on Robben Island, Walter Sisulu, born in 1912 in Qutubeni, Transkei.Though he had little to do with him, Sisulu’s white father, Albert Dickinson, a Port Elizabeth government worker, went on to have another child by his mother, Alice. They never officially married, and Walter took on his mother’s surname, adding Max Ulyate as his middle names. Though it has not been explored, the name Ulyate was a surname of a prominent family of 1820 settlers.It only takes a trip or two out of Cape Town to be reminded just how much craziness the system bred. Simonstown, a naval base and popular tourist spot, and Stellenbosch, the home of the Afrikaans language, are just two of the many spots named after Dutch governor Simon van Der Stel, who set about seizing land from the Khoi on his arrival in 1679.Though Van der Stel is widely accepted as being the greedy progenitor of apartheid whose sprawling, slave-worked estates were the elite homes of generations of Afrikaners, a little-known fact is that Van der Stel, born in Mauritius, was Eurasian – and probably just a generation away from slavery.His father Adrian van der Stel was Dutch and his mother, Maria Leviens, was the daughter of Monica of the Coromondel, a former enslaved woman from India who became known as Monica da Costa.Evidence shows that he and his sister covered up their mother’s origin in order to be given white status when they emigrated to Holland. The only proven picture of Van der Stel disappeared in 1934, but another which is thought to be his portrait shows an arguably Eastern demeanour.Brand South Africa reporterWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.last_img read more

Chopper scare for Alwar MP

first_imgBJP Member of Parliament from Alwar Balaknath had a narrow escape when the helicopter carrying him appeared to have lost control for a while and started rotating in the air in this Rajasthan district on Sunday, the police said. There were strong winds in the morning when the helicopter carrying Lok Sabha MP arrived to land on the helipad in Kotkasim area, 190 km from Jaipur, police said. Pilot regains controlThe pilot, however, managed to control the helicopter after it rotated four-five times in the air. The chopper could not land and returned to Delhi, Kotkasim police station in-charge Rajkumar said. Mr. Nath later came to Kotkasim from Delhi by road to attend an annual religious programme, an aide of the Parliamentarian said.last_img read more