Students from Notre Dame and families from the South Bend community celebrated autumn together at Sunday’s Fall Festival in the LaFortune Student Center Ballroom. Senior Erika Hansen, student government’s Community Relations chair, said the festival was a chance to invite children and their parents who live in South Bend to Notre Dame’s campus. “The purpose I think first and foremost is to have kids come in, celebrate fall, have fun, but also, as the Community Relations Committee, we’ve heard in the past that oftentimes community members don’t feel invited to Notre Dame’s campus,” Hansen said. “We hope this is a day for people to come and visit and enjoy campus and enjoy interacting with the students.” At the festival, student volunteers helped local children make paper turkeys, color, decorate cookies and play games. About 40 children attended, Hansen said. Sophomore Cal Belden, a volunteer at the Fall Festival, said the children enjoyed the event. “It seems like the kids [had] a good time,” Belden said. “I definitely think all the activities are catered for them, which is nice.” Mishawaka resident Claire Shely said she appreciated the event, but thought more people would have attended if it had been held outside and advertised more extensively. “I recognize a lot of people here from ECDC [Early Childhood Developmental Center on campus], so I don’t know how much of the community it actually brought in,” Shely said. Still, engagement between the University and the greater South Bend community has improved in recent years, she said. “I think Eddy Street Commons has brought a lot of the community and Notre Dame together, so I think things have already become better since that’s been developed,” Shely said. Sophomore Iona Hughan, a volunteer, said to further connect with the South Bend community, the University should utilize local organizations like the Robinson Community Learning Center. “They have all the contacts, so if we publicize through them, we can make that connection,” Hughan said. South Bend resident David Hipskind said members of the Notre Dame and South Bend communities need to converse more about how to build a stronger community. “It would be great for the leaders of the South Bend community to get together with some of the developing leaders that study at the University to talk about what makes a community function well in this time,” Hipskind said. Belden said he thinks the relationship between the University and the South Bend community could still improve. “I just think it’s difficult because, as a student, I’m worried about getting my homework done and hanging out with my friends and the other things I’m involved in, so that doesn’t leave a lot of time to reach out to the surrounding community,” he said. “It’s hard to make it a priority. It definitely is important.” Hansen said she was pleased with the turnout at the Fall Festival. “I think it was the right amount of kids,” she said. “No one had to wait for anything. I think it’s kind of a fun time, too, because we don’t get to hang out with kids very much.” But she said she would like to advertise the event more in the future. “I really meant to advertise to different faculty [and] especially the Graduate Student Union, but I think we had a good turnout regardless,” Hansen said. Student government plans to hold a similar, Christmas-themed event in early December, Hansen said. “This event will be a collaboration of Notre Dame student government and student governments from other campuses in the area, including [Indiana University South Bend] and Ivy Tech [Community College of Indiana], and we’re really looking forward to it,” she said.
Month: January 2021
Pumla Gobodo-Madikizela, psychologist and senior research professor at the University of the Free State in Bloemfontein, South Africa, spoke Tuesday about her research on empathy and forgiveness in the wake of large-scale violence. Held in the Hesburgh Center for International Studies, the lecture titled “From South Africa with Love and Forgiveness: The Journey Through Violence and Back,” was sponsored by the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies. Gobodo-Madikizela said that she was happy to have the opportunity to visit a place she had read about while in South Africa. “It is a pleasure to be here at your University for the first time,” she said. Gobodo-Madikizela said she has spent more than 10 years exploring the nature of forgiveness following traumatic experiences, especially the experience of South Africans in the aftermath of apartheid. “Increasingly, I’ve been interested in the internal psychological dynamics behind forgiveness,” she said. Some victims reach out to perpetrators as a means of working through their trauma through forgiveness, Gobodo-Madikizela said. “We’ve witnessed and continue to witness victims and children of victims who seek out perpetrators in order to forgive them,” she said. The willingness of victims to forgive their persecutors is counterintuitive, but Gobodo-Madikizela said it does happen and is very important to the victims, she said. “Nothing could be more real than an expression of forgiveness from one of these people who have suffered atrocities,” she said. She said one of the most powerful means of reconciliation is public acknowledgement of the injustice by both parties. “I have become aware of the potential for public acknowledgement to restore the humanity of survivors,” she said. “Survivors recover a sense of agency as they reclaim their voice.” Gobodo-Madikizela said forgiveness helps the victims regain their dignity by reversing the dynamic of victim and perpetrator. “It’s a point of empowerment for the victims, a turning of the tables if you will. The victims have the power to give or not give the perpetrators what they want,” she said. Forgiveness, however, is not really about the victims healing, but rather a connection with and empathy for the perpetrator of the crime, she said. “Forgiveness is not a selfish thing; it’s a concern for others,” Gobodo-Madikizela said. “Perpetrators dehumanize themselves when they engage in these actions that dehumanize another. The importance of forgiveness is found in these situations of suffering and violence.” She said empathy, as a human connection between victim and perpetrator, is important to both parties. “Empathy is the critical point. It is at the center of forgiveness on one side and remorse on the other,” she said. Gobodo-Madikizela said some of the victims she worked with, a group of mothers, experienced a physiological response to exchanging stories with the perpetrator. She said their empathy corresponded to a bodily experience of connectedness that centered on the womb. She said the women described the feeling with the word “inimba,” which very roughly translates to the umbilical cord. This connection between bodily sensation and empathy reflects the interconnectedness both within a person and between people. “‘Inimba’ emerged as a cultural word in a cultural context, but I think it is more universal,” Gobodo-Madikizela said. “‘Inimba’ is a human concept; the maternal body as a metaphor for a human embodiment of empathy.” She said her idea of “inimba” is not gender-specific, but rather a means of understanding the ability of humans to recognize others as fellow humans. “The body, be it maternal or paternal, points us in the direction of the body as a site of forging human links across time and space,” she said. After the end of apartheid, Gobodo-Madikizela said her work with the Truth and Reconciliation Commission brought victims and persecutors together to help her country heal. She said South Africa has come a long way in terms of reconciliation, but there are new problems facing the country. The country is struggling economically and suffering from a lack of honest leadership and issues of race are reentering the national discourse, Gobodo-Madikizela added. She said new difficulties must be addressed with a hopeful attitude. “The journey is not over yet. New challenges unfold in South Africa, sometimes on a weekly basis,” Gobodo-Madikizela said. “We must press on with hope. I’m talking about the horizon of hope that came to fruition with the Truth and Reconciliation Commission.”
Days before Americans head to vote for the next president of the United States, legal scholar Akhil Reed Amar lectured Friday on the country’s Constitution and its place as a national symbol. Amar, who is also a Sterling Professor of Law and Political Science at Yale University, delivered the inaugural Potenziani Constitutional Law Lecture on “Constitutionalism and the Pursuit of Happiness” to law students last Friday. Amar’s lecture discussed his recently published book, “America’s Unwritten Constitutionalism: The Precedents and Principles We Live By.” The lecture aimed at understanding the Constitution in its paper form as well as in its unwritten form. Amar’s lecture first focused on the phrase “the pursuit of happiness,” then on the pursuit itself as an implication in the family and home life. “In a nation of many faiths, ethnicities and ideologies, the written constitution stands as a uniquely unifying American symbol,” Amar said. “The important thing to understand about America’s symbolic constitution is simply that it exists.” Being the people of the United States means receiving certain rights, but not all of these rights are explicitly mentioned. Amar said the government upholds liberties such as having a pet dog, playing an instrument and raising children, even though nothing in the written constitution explicitly guarantees them. “Many of Americans’ most basic rights are simply facts of life,” Amar said. “When it comes to rights, the written Constitution gestures beyond itself, and points to the existence of entitlements that are not enumerated, not strictly listed in the written Constitution itself.” Amar said these rights are embodied in the ordinary ways in which ordinary Americans choose to live. They can be found in the Ninth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which states, “The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.” This became especially important in the case Griswald vs. Connecticut where Amar said the state criminalized the use of contraceptives even between married couples in the privacy of their own bedrooms. The court ruled in a 7-2 vote to accept this as a form of privacy of the Constitution, and the law was abolished. The Bill of Rights does not specifically mention privacy, but at the same time the court recognized that no law “could properly intrude into the private state of consensual private relations in the bedroom.” The lived constitution should then coincide with the social practices and norms of ordinary law abiding citizens, Amar said. The ideas of privacy and property have no definitive line of separation especially when they relate to private places such as the home. Of the two ideas, Amar said privacy is innately the more egalitarian. “Intimacy is distributed more equally across the social classes than is property,” he said. Though not necessarily constitutional in themselves, Amar said other historical documents do serve as sources in interpretation of American law where the Constitution itself falls short or remains unclear. The range of these sources includes “The Federalist Papers,” the Gettysburg Address, the Northwest Ordinance, the Dream Speech and a selection of Supreme Court cases. Abraham Lincoln and Martin Luther King Jr. were among several important historical figures who created other texts, such as those mentioned above, that formed this symbolic constitution. Amar said those works act as “privileged sources of meaning, exploration and guidance.” This level of open interpretation makes the written constitution susceptible to a number of different interpretations. But, in the process of gaining understanding, Americans can seek clarity in these other constitutional texts. These texts do not stand alone, but rather they form a system. Amar said Lincoln based his Gettysburg Address on the 1776 Constitution. In turn, King referenced the Gettysburg Address in his 1963 speech given in front of the Lincoln Memorial. “The ubiquity of Jefferson and Lincoln should hardly surprise us, for America’s modern constitution is a two-party constitution and Jefferson and Lincoln are the patron saints of America’s two parties,” Amar said. Another common element in these texts is the reference to Providence. Five of the six representative texts Amar highlights in his book mention God. One of these is the Northwest Ordinance, which declares, “religion, morality, and knowledge are necessary to good government and happiness of mankind.” “Lincoln’s closing sentence referred to quote ‘this nation under God,’” Amar said. “Words that would find their way with minor tweaking into the 20th-century Pledge of Allegiance.” Even King’s speech contained religious influences, and Biblical allusions. Amar said that people often wonder how such religious texts can pervade the constitution or political office, but this is not unheard of. “Although America’s Constitution is not itself a religious document, neither is it an anti-religious document,” Amar said. Just as the Constitution does not specifically separate from religion, nor does it separate from including certain peoples. Amar said race, gender and even birth status do not change the link between the Constitution and the American people it mentions. “Precisely that all men are created equal, all persons born in America would be legally equal and thus equally citizens at birth and no government could keep these disabilities on a person simply because of their birth status,” he said.
As turnover between administrations approaches in coming weeks, Saint Mary’s Student Government Association (SGA) will focus on several major calendar items at the College. During the month of February, SGA will host Heritage Week and Love Your Body Week with other organizations on campus. During the week of Feb. 18, the College will also launch its Capital Campaign, a major fundraising initiative. Another significant upcoming event will be elections for SGA, student body president Maureen Parsons said. “Currently we are working on updating our election policies and posting policy,” Parsons said. “We have callout meetings next Monday and Tuesday, Feb. 11 and 12, where candidates will be able to sign up and note what they are running for.” Parsons said she and student body vice president Meghan Casey will then go over the rules for elections with the candidates. “Student body president [and] vice president and Senate elections will be the last week in February,” Parsons said. “Big boards and class boards will be the first week of March. Candidates can start campaigning that Sunday and elections are held that Thursday. We will be doing elections through OrgSync.” Parsons and Casey will be running the callout meetings and approving each of the candidate’s platforms once it is are complete. “I also want to make sure that turnover is a smooth transition and the new president and vice president will feel comfortable in their roles,” Parsons said. Casey said she hopes to have an abundance of applications from students for SGA positions, especially the Senate, for the upcoming year. “Our Senate was not completely filled this year so I’m really hoping that more students will apply for positions within SGA so that the new structure can be used to its full potential,” Casey said. “I am looking forward to the transition so that Maureen and I are able to discuss our goals with the new administration and make sure turnover goes smoothly.” But before turnover, Parsons and Casey both have goals of expanding the impact of SGA in their remaining time, and they said they hope the events of Heritage Week and Love Your Body Week have solid attendance. “We want to get people really excited about Heritage Week and hopefully have the most successful turnout as possible,” Casey said. “Following through with our goals for Heritage Week and the Capital Campaign means a great deal to us.”
Although moviegoers flock to the newest movies starring young actresses, massive box office numbers do not necessarily translate to fortune for them.According to a study by professor of management Timothy Judge, women have significantly lower average earnings per film than their male counterparts early on in their careers.Judge examined earnings numbers from 265 Hollywood film actors and actresses to compile the study’s findings.“We used various archival sources to locate information about the actors and actresses,” Judge said. “Similarly, we located information about movies made, earnings for each movie, as well as information on the movies form various online sources such as IMDb.”Judge, along with his colleague Irene De Pater, used an equation that considered rankings in a given star’s film credits, his or her number of films and leading roles and Academy Award and Golden Globe award nominations and wins.According to a University press release, the study found that female movie stars gain their highest average earnings per film when they reach 34 years old. Average salaries decrease sharply after this threshold.Male actors, on the other hand, maximize their earning power when they are 51, and they do not experience a significant earnings drop-off after that age.“We came to the conclusion that the work of older actresses may be less valued than the work of their male counterparts,” Judge said in the press release. “In fact, we found there are far fewer roles available for female movie stars over age 45.”The study pinpoints a correlation between per-film earnings and awards. In terms of recognition, it notes that the average age of female Golden Globe winners is 42 years old, while the average age for male winners is 52 years old.Judge said he has been interested in the gender wage gap for some time.“I saw a movie called ‘Searching for Debra Winger’ about how it is difficult for older actresses to land prime roles and thus I started to look into it,” Judge said.Judge said the study reveals a negative side to Hollywood’s culture.“Hollywood loves to extoll their progressive values,” Judge said. “But when you look at their actual behavior such as promoting smoking or violence in movies, or in this case, gender equality, we find their behavior lacking.”The study also has implications outside Hollywood’s realm, as the findings correlate to the nation’s gender wage gap, Judge said.“Our study is a unique examination of the gender wage gap in that it combines the impact of gender and age on earnings of an equally successful group of people in a highly specific field where workers are essentially free agents paid by their expected market value,” Judge said. “Therefore, the study findings of a significant age-gender gap are important to all of us gathered around the water cooler.”Tags: Hollywood
A software coding error triggered the hour-and-a-half long power outage that left the majority of Notre Dame’s campus without power Thursday night, according to University spokesman Dennis Brown.“The power outage was caused by a problem with the software code in one of the power plant’s control systems,” Brown said. “We have corrected the problem and are working with the outside contractor that maintains and updates the system to ensure that this doesn’t happen again.”The power outage lasted from around 9 p.m. to 10:33 p.m., and no injuries were reported, Brown said.Tags: Dennis Brown, power outage
Senior John Gore founded and serves as current president of the Notre Dame chapter of Moneythink, an organization founded in 2008 at the University of Chicago that places college volunteers in local high schools to teach students about financial literacy and entrepreneurship.Moneythink’s mission is to empower the next generation with economics and financial literacy. Mentors go to underserved communities within the United States, such as South Bend, and aim to provide students aged 17 and 18 with financial literacy skills and entrepreneurial skills to succeed in the future, Gore said.“The Mendoza College of Business is founded on the principle of ‘Ask More of Business’ and this is a great example of asking more of business,” he said.Gore said Moneythink spans 30 campuses across the United States, has trained more than 600 mentors and provides services for more than 6,000 high school students in underserved communities.During his study abroad experience in Santiago, Chile, Gore said he spoke with native students from underserved communities in order to improve his Spanish fluency. He said a lot of the students did not know much about banking and finances.“When I came back, I knew I wanted to do something with sustainability and financial education,” he said.Gore said he talked to Kristen Collett-Schmitt, assistant professional specialist in Mendoza, about opportunities regarding this idea, and she proposed starting a chapter of Moneythink.In order to start the chapter, Gore said he first submitted an application to the Moneythink website. He was then interviewed by representatives and attended a summer leadership institute at the University of Chicago Booth School of Business with the other chapter presidents and founders.Junior Sydney Rebne, current vice president of operations, said Moneythink is a unique opportunity for Notre Dame students to combine social service with their interests in business and finance. Notre Dame business students are not only helping these high school students with their financial skills, but they are also solidifying their business acumen and understanding of finance.Gore said many obstacles were faced in establishing the Notre Dame chapter. The first involved gaining Notre Dame’s approval of the chapter, which was followed by a lengthy wait time. Gore said he was not able to reach out to schools until receiving official approval.A future obstacle the Notre Dame chapter will face is the development of its campus brand. Moneythink currently consists of a board of directors and faculty advisor Collett-Schmitt, but Gore said the organization is still in its recruitment stage.The current board of directors will also sit on next year’s board, and Gore said Rebne will succeed him as the next chapter president.Gore said the chapter plans to finish building the board of directors and lay down a solid recruiting base before reaching out to the local schools in South Bend. In the near future, Gore said the organization hopes to partner with South Bend’s Clay High School and Adams High School.“I don’t think your background and upbringing should determine your success,” he said.“This is a really unique opportunity for not only business students but all students of the university,” Gore said. “The curriculum is really easy to understand and anyone can get involved. Not only are you making a social impact, you are also developing your own financial skills.”Tags: Mendoza, Mentors, Moneythink
Saint Mary’s is selling coffee in Spes Unica and Cyber Cafe this week in support of and to raise awareness for the Emiliani Project. All proceeds go towards the children of the Emiliani Project and the construction of an orphanage.The coffee is fair-trade and grown on small two- to three-acre family farms in Colombia, and it will be sold at a discounted rate, $1 for a small cup and $1.50 for a large.Junior Deirdre O’Leary has been working with Barry Bowles, Director of Dining Services, for weeks in order to encourage the College to sell and support the Emiliani Project.“Conveniently, Food Week is this week, and Barry Bowles and I thought it would be a perfect opportunity to sell Emiliani coffee because it supports an amazing cause,” she said.The Emiliani Project is a non-profit organization dedicated to helping orphaned and abandoned children in Colombia, O’Leary said.“By selling fair trade coffee, the non-profit gets its name out there,” O’Leary said. “Then, 100 percent of these profits and 100 percent of all donations to the charity, go right to the children.”The organization is named after St. Jerome Emiliani, the patron saint of orphaned and abandoned children who built a hospital and two orphanages and cared for innumerable children throughout his life, O’Leary said.O’Leary said the charity’s first major project, following in the spirit of Saint Jerome Emiliani, is to build an orphanage for children on the outskirts of Medellín, Colombia, the second largest city in the country.“According to the World Bank, one third of Colombia’s population lives on or below their poverty line, and there are hundreds of thousands of orphaned and abandoned children in the country,” O’Leary said.She said the orphanage will provide a space for 160 children.“It will provide shelter, food, education, love, faith community and anything else a child could need to grow up and living a healthy, fruitful, joyous life,” O’Leary said. “… A Colombian priest has already donated a 17-acre plot of land to the Emiliani Project, and others have generously given labor and some supplies, now all that is left to do is raise the funds for the orphanage.”“When the charity runs mission trips now, participants work with at the orphanage with the priest who donated their land, and they work to improve the lives of children in the parish,” she said.Bowles said all the leftover coffee from this week will be sold in the Spes Unica and Cyber Cafe and has the possibility of being for sale in bulk throughout the rest of the year and further on.O’Leary said encouraged students to contact her if they enjoy the coffee.“I would love for Emiliani coffee to be sold in these cafes at Saint Mary’s permanently, and it could be possible if a good response is elicited,” she said.For more information about the Emiliani Project, visit emilianiproject.orgTags: coffee, cyber cafe, Emiliani Project, saint mary’s, service, SMC, Spes Unica
Monday night, blogger Matthew Franklin Jones spoke about a place where he often experienced isolation and a lack of love and acceptance: his church.Jones, a contributor to the blog “Spiritual Friendship,” spoke Monday night at “Gay and Catholic,” a conversation hosted by the Gender Relations Center (GRC), about how he grew up in Portland, Oregon, as a gay teenager in a conservative Baptist community and how to this day he continues to live out a celibate life as a Protestant.“It just was not talked about, and when it was it was in very hushed tones, in broad condemning statements of all gay people — very ‘us versus them’ statements,” Jones said.Jones said the stereotypical negative sentiments that were blindly thrown over the entire population of gay people eventually succeeded in making him homophobic himself at one stage in his life. He said much of what affected him was his church’s decision to silence any conversation regarding matters of homosexuality.“The world is already having this conversation and when the church is silent on it … then that just simply removes the church from the conversation,” Jones said. “It actually removes what should be a voice of compassion and mercy.”Jones said he attempted to live into futures that he knew he did not want.“I always walked into this cold dark, lonely apartment and thought that was the totality of the reality that awaited me,” Jones said. “When we talk to people who even refuse to acknowledge the history of suffering we have nowhere to go, because you’ve just basically erased a whole people and a whole history.”When his church found out about his sexual orientation, Jones said, they banned him from working with kids or speaking on stage in front of the public. He said although this seemed harsh, his story was not rare.“They had these very definitive lines of what it meant for me to be in the good graces of this church,” Jones said. “Because the church is comprised of humans, we have also contributed to injustices and we can’t ignore that. We need to ask how to make amends in that regard.”Eve Tushnet, author of “Gay and Catholic: Accepting My Sexuality, Finding Community, Living My Faith,” spoke about her contrasting experience growing up as a lesbian in a secular Jewish household and her eventual conversion to Catholicism.Tushnet said she came into the Catholic Church in 1998 and did not know any other gay people following the Church’s teaching with sexual ethics at that time.“I was so focused on living out the Church’s sexual morality as a kind of checklist, of things you’re not supposed to do, but I didn’t think at all about what my future would look like,” Tushnet said.There is a danger in society’s emphasis on romantic love as the highest and most successful form of companionship, she said.“Society teaches that marriage is the thing that rescues us from the terror of loneliness, marriage is the thing that when we cry out in the dark someone will answer us,” Tushnet said. “The way that we escape isolation through romantic love is very deeply embedded into our culture.”Tushnet said that negative stigmas usually associated with living a life of celibacy can be debunked through the realization that celibacy is not synonymous with loneliness.“A big thing I’ve learned is to find ways that you’re not living in isolation … that you’re living with your family or your family of choice,” Tushnet said. “One of your home communities would be your Church.”Both Tushnet and Jones said celibacy was not a restricting lifestyle, but rather a choice that gave them the “freedom to constrain” themselves to other vocations, such as serving their communities.“Celibacy is in some ways an expression of trust that there is more than this life,” Tushnet said.Tags: Gay and Catholic, GRC, LGBTQ
As November creeps closer and the 2016 presidential election looms, students across the nation are supporting their candidates of choice through a number of different channels. Second-year law student Michael DiRaimo is hoping to spur that kind of support for current Republican front-runner Donald Trump on Notre Dame’s campus through his recently-founded Students for Trump movement. “I started a Students for Trump chapter on April 10. I was prompted to do so for several reasons. Firstly, there was a growing movement amongst college campuses to support Trump, and I believed Notre Dame should be a part of it,” DiRaimo said. DiRaimo said he thought Trump supporters were not adequately represented on college campuses nationwide. “More importantly, it was about protecting a minority viewpoint. I believe it is of little doubt that nationally speaking, students who support Trump tend to be in smaller numbers than students who support Bernie,” he said. At Notre Dame currently, there are no other presidential campaign groups for students.“I believe creating a chapter would both create a haven for students inclined to better express their beliefs, and allow them to reach out to fellow students to discuss their opinions,” DiRaimo said. Additionally, DiRaimo said he wants to see more political engagement from the student demographic. “[It] involves the lack of participation by young people in the political process,” DiRaimo said. “In 2012, only 41.2 percent of young voters showed up to the polls and this number is quite pitiful given the issues our generation will face, and the decisions we all are going to have to make.”DiRaimo said it is tough to tell how much success the chapter is experiencing in the first two weeks, particularly because there is no formal chapter headquarters.“So far our presence has been entirely online, but we plan to hold events in the future, after exams,” he said. The goal of the chapter is to increase voter turnout, according to DiRaimo. “Our goal is to increase voter turnout generally, and to inform people about misconceptions about Trump,” he said. Additionally, DiRaimo said he hopes to make the chapter open to students who may not have gotten involved with Trump otherwise. “Our goal is to help students who may feel ashamed by their fellow classmates for supporting Trump by helping them come out of the Trump supporters closet,” DiRaimo said. DiRaimo said he supports Trump because of his mostly self-funded campaign. “I am attracted to Trump because of the lack of control donors have to his actions,” DiRaimo said. “I have great respect for someone who is willing to say what he believes in, even when the political establishment does not want him to.”Beyond that, DiRaimo says he appreciates how Trump is running his campaign and his honesty throughout. “What I see [students] most attracted to is the lack of political correctness,” he said. “Students here, likewise, seem passionate about a presidential candidate who is going to say what needs to be said, regardless of the political or emotional ramifications from saying it.“Oh, and the wall has support.”Tags: 2016 Election, Donald Trump, Students for Trump