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Caltech Professor Looks at How People Are Forming New Habits in the Era of the Coronavirus

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Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. More Cool Stuff Science and Technology Caltech Professor Looks at How People Are Forming New Habits in the Era of the Coronavirus By WHITNEY CLAVIN Published on Monday, April 27, 2020 | 9:14 pm faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyCitizen Service CenterPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes Community News CITY NEWS SERVICE/STAFF REPORT Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday Editor’s note: This piece is part of an ongoing series on Caltech scientists who are researching the COVID-19 pandemic, each according to their own specialty. From biology, to chemistry, to social sciences, and computing, the keys to fighting the disease are waiting to be discovered.Colin Camerer Credit: CaltechWith the coronavirus pandemic upon us, people are readily forming new habits, such as washing their hands more frequently and communicating with colleagues over video platforms like Zoom. Which of these habits will stick when the pandemic is over and which will pass?Colin Camerer, the Robert Kirby Professor of Behavioral Economics and the T&C Chen Center for Social and Decision Neuroscience Leadership Chair in the Tianqiao and Chrissy Chen Institute for Neuroscience at Caltech, is looking into this question of habit formation, or what scientists call habitization. He says that the coronavirus pandemic may have ripple effects that lead to lasting behavioral changes in the arenas of public health, education, and more.Camerer is a pioneer in the field of behavioral economics, which combines economics, psychology, and neuroscience to better understand the choices people make. For example, in 2018, he and his colleagues performed a study showing that people prefer somewhere between eight and 15 choices when it comes to making shopping decisions; more than that, and they experience what psychologists call choice overload.Now, Camerer has turned his attention to the habits people are forming in the midst of the coronavirus outbreak. We spoke with him about these habits, if they will persist, and his plans for future studies.What exactly does it mean for something to become habitized?When people get up in the morning, for the first five minutes, they do things that are very routine. They may go to the refrigerator and look for some iced tea or make coffee. That’s when the motor system is taking over for the brain, and you have a habit. The habits are saving time and energy. For instance, right now because of the coronavirus, people are washing their hands more than they ever did before. This may become even more habitized in the future. You’ll go to the bathroom or the kitchen and see soap, or a sanitizer dispenser when you’re at an airport, and the sight of those things will act as what we call a cue. It’s basically classical conditioning. You’ll see that cue and think, “Oh, in the past, when I saw that cue, I washed my hands.” It can be very automatic.Why is it important to study habits?Fighting the virus on the front lines is critically important, but it’s also relevant to think about changing behaviors. Take the washing-hands example. People have come to understand in this pandemic that the regular flu kills a lot of people, and these are mostly the same types of people who are vulnerable to COVID-19: older people and those with weakened immune systems. For decades, doctors have been saying, “Please wash your hands at home and after you shake hands, etc.” It’s essentially the same advice we are receiving for COVID-19. If people become habitized to hand washing more regularly in the future, this could save a lot of lives from the flu for many years into the future. Of course, this is just speculation at this point, but it is something we want to look into further.In general, our team is planning to do research on what gets habitized and what doesn’t. There often are unintended consequences or ripple effects from outbreaks like this. We want to know if there are positive spillover effects of behavior that we should have been doing all along. Funding agencies like the NSF [National Science Foundation] and NIH [National Institutes of Health] realize this and know that changing behavior is an important part of the equation.Are there examples of habits that formed after other disease outbreaks?There is always a big social science behavior component with outbreaks. With AIDS, we saw behavioral changes, such as people wearing condoms and programs for needle exchanges. Studying these behavioral patterns is important because it’s about public health and, ideally, addressing them can be cheaper and more effortless than using financial incentives.What other habits are you studying?We also want to look at education at the college level. Universities, including Caltech, have transitioned to online learning, which has many advantages. Students can watch lectures online whenever they want, and when they’re most attentive and not sleepy or stressed, and they can press rewind. I think that going forward a lot of professors will adopt a “flipped” classroom model, where they will make videos for their lectures and use the classroom for discussion. We’ve already seen that, in many cases, students like this better. The open question we want to look at is: What habits formed during this pandemic will continue into the physical classroom?Are there other habits you think may change?I think a lot of knowledge work, for example writing jobs or those in law and tech, will move to telecommuting. If you ask people what makes them happy and unhappy and what drives them crazy, the worst things are losing a job, losing a spouse, and other obvious things that are really terrible. If you ask about everyday things, you’ll hear a lot of people complain about commuting. They want to be able to work from home. The big fear for a lot of businesses in letting people work at home is that they think people will sit in their pajamas and goof off. And there’s often somebody in an organization who resists the change.But now the change has been forced upon us. Companies will realize telecommuting is actually a valuable perk, and employees are happier and efficient. This is called forced experimentation. Forced experiments have a benefit for behavioral economists, because they let us ask questions: Are there things we should have been doing before that, if forced to try now, will make a really, really big difference in how we work and live and teach?Are there other examples of forced experimentation leading to changes in habits?I’ll tell you a story that’s a small bit of evidence that there are better ways to do things or better routines that people don’t always explore. There was a study about the London subway, the Tube. It’s a huge sprawling system, and lots of people commute on the Tube in the morning. The Tube workers went on strike because they didn’t think they were treated well, but the strike was only 48 hours and only took place on part of the Tube system.From a scientific point of view, this is a natural experiment: you can look at what happened to the people who commuted during the strike areas where there were no trains running and the people had to find a different train route to get to work, and you can compare them to people who, on the same days, could keep their regular commute. The result of this forced experiment was that 5 percent of the workers found a slightly better commute.The whole point of a habit is that you’re on autopilot, you don’t try out new things. But trying out new things can be beneficial. EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDSlast_img read more

Perform Gaming dabbles in Five-a-Side Live Fantasy

first_img Related Articles Submit Stats Perform backs IBIA call for new era of data collaboration May 22, 2020 ‘Stats Perform’ lays out mission statement to disrupt global sports July 16, 2019 StumbleUpon Share Ross MacEacharn confirms Perform leadership departure July 29, 2019 Share Perform Gaming is ready for the FIFA World Cup kick-off after launching a free-to-play and in-play Fantasy Football game, dabblebet Five-a-Side Live, in partnership with The Mirror.The Mirror has been specially selected by Perform Gaming as the ideal media partner to drive football-focused traffic to the game, which aims to bring an innovative and truly immersive experience to the UK Fantasy Gaming market.Designed to provide the ultimate second screen companion for World Cup consumers, dabblebet Five-a-Side Live pits players against each other on a game-by-game basis – all while watching the action unfold live on TV.With no budgets or salary caps, users select any five players with five subs available in-play. There are also five available boosts, which allow users to double their score in 5-minute blocks, meaning strategy and timing are the keys to success.Players can win cash prizes and free bets with dabblebet on selected fixtures throughout the World Cup, leading into the 2018-19 domestic football season – giving users the choice of playing as little or as often as they want. The game is powered by premium Opta feeds with all points and leaderboards updating in real time. Fantasy teams score points not only for the traditional goals, assists and clean sheets, but also for blocks, interceptions, pass completion, dribbles, shots on and off target, crosses, aerial duels and more. Meaning players like Sergio Busquets and Marcelo are just as valuable as traditional Fantasy favourites like Ronaldo and Messi.While watching the match and tinkering with their Fantasy team, players can also view dabblebet markets and place bets directly from the game, offering a seamless user journey and a personalised experience.James Derbyshire, Head of Commercial at Perform Gaming, said: “dabblebet Five-a-Side Live is something new for the UK Fantasy market, which has been a little static for a few years. We hope the game will provide dabblebet with a unique proposition for Fantasy Football fans and punters alike. “The Mirror is the ideal partner for us, given their ability to connect to football fans around the country through both national and regional titles. We’re delighted to be working with them.”The Mirror’s Betting and Gaming Account Manager Robert Hudson added: “The launch of dabblebet Five-a-Side Live has got us all really excited about the World Cup. “It’s a completely new and unique game that we know that the Mirror’s fanatical football audience will love, and linking up with Perform ensures them a first class experience that will get them coming back every day. “It’s going to challenge their football brains and giving them that all-important opportunity to take on their friends and family at something that matters: football bragging rights!”last_img read more

Lassiter nails clutch 3 as Beermen slip past Hotshots

first_imgDon’t miss out on the latest news and information. The Hotshots rallied from eight points down inside the final five minutes behind their import Ricardo Ratliffe.The bull-strong Ratliffe was unstoppable again with 44 points, 19 rebounds, seven assists and four blocks. He also scored his team’s last 10 points, including a hook shot over Rhodes that pushed Star ahead, 110-108, with 13.6 seconds remaining.The Hotshots had no timeouts left after Lassiter’s go-ahead bucket and they had to settle for a Rafi Reavis heave beyond the half-court line as time expired. MOST READ LATEST STORIES Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games Photo by Tristan Tamayo/INQUIRER.netMarcio Lassiter banked in a last-second 3-pointer and San Miguel Beer escaped Star, 111-110, to take a 2-1 semifinals lead in the 2017 PBA Commissioner’s Cup Wednesday night at Smart Araneta Coliseum.Lassiter buried the clutch triple over the defense of Justin Melton with 1.6 seconds left and was mobbed by his teammates after the buzzer.ADVERTISEMENT What ‘missteps’? ADVERTISEMENT Heart Evangelista admits she’s pregnant… with chicken Heart Evangelista admits she’s pregnant… with chicken WATCH: Firefighters rescue baby seal found in parking garage Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ WATCH: MMA fighter brought to tears after brutal groin kick Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next World’s 50 Best Restaurants launches new drinking and dining guide Ethel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’ View comments 1 dead in Cavite blast, fire “We got lucky but luck comes when you are a good player and that’s Marcio,” said SMB head coach Leo Austria in Filipino.“It’s a team effort especially our import Charles Rhodes, who worked hard from start to finish and he was able to manage his fouls, even though he’s in foul trouble,” Austria added. “We won by a point last game and we won by one point again tonight but it doesn’t matter for us as long as we win.”FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutRhodes had 36 points, seven rebounds and three blocks while Lassiter finished with 12 points, four rebounds and three assists. Chris Ross flirted with a triple-double with 27 points, eight rebounds and eight assists.The Beermen, who won, 77-76, in Game 2 on Monday, will try to close out the Hotshots in Game 4 on Friday still at the Big Dome.last_img read more