ZimRe Holdings Limited (ZIMR.zw) listed on the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange under the Insurance sector has released it’s 2019 annual report.For more information about ZimRe Holdings Limited (ZIMR.zw) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the ZimRe Holdings Limited (ZIMR.zw) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: ZimRe Holdings Limited (ZIMR.zw) 2019 annual report.Company ProfileZimRe Holdings Limited operates through subsidiaries to provide solutions for general insurance, health cover, reinsurance, life reassurance, reinsurance brokering and property services for private, commercial and corporate clients in Zimbabwe and overseas. Its insurance products range from short-term and whole-life insurance to endowment pensions, medical aid societies and motor, household and commercial insurance solutions. The company also has interests in producing a range of animal-drawn implements and in property management; maintaining, developing and leasing properties in the residential and commercial property market in Zimbabwe. ZimRe Holdings Limited was founded in 1983 and is based in Harare, Zimbabwe. ZimRe Holdings Limited is listed on the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange
But a smarter option is to invest those savings in the stock market – particularly now, when share prices, as I’ve observed several times in recent months, are significantly depressed. Malcolm Wheatley | Saturday, 31st October, 2020 The headline in the Financial Times said it all: Britain’s over‑50s rethink plans as virus takes toll on retirement. As I’ve remarked a couple of times in recent months, household balance sheets improved markedly post-lockdown, with bank balances swelling and credit card debt being paid off. Which isn’t a great backdrop to an idyllic retirement. Forget strolling hand-in-hand along tropical sun-kissed white sands – the sort of irritating image that always seems to accompany retirement-focused financial products and media coverage. Right now, some people will be worried that Morecombe on a wet November afternoon might be a stretch too far. 5 Stocks For Trying To Build Wealth After 50 For the foreseeable future, we seem to be heading for an era of higher taxation, lower investing returns, and greater job insecurity. Covid-19, in short, has called into question many of the assumptions on which many people’s retirement plans were based. Click here to claim your free copy of this special investing report now! But in fact, my view is that things are probably rosier than they imagine.Spend! Spend! Spend! Not.Lockdown did something remarkable for Britain’s consumers: it got them to stop consuming. And in particular, to stop funding that consumption through debt. First, Britain is re-learning (if sometimes reluctantly) the virtues of thrift. The FIRE (Financial Independence, Retire Early) crowd would be proud of us: what they’ve been preaching for years has suddenly become a lifestyle du monde. Enter Your Email Address And while I’m not – for obvious reasons – seeing as much of my usual circle of friends, family, acquaintances, and fellow-villagers, those sentiments certainly do sum up the views of a good number of the people with whom I am in touch. Markets around the world are reeling from the coronavirus pandemic…And with so many great companies trading at what look to be ‘discount-bin’ prices, now could be the time for savvy investors to snap up some potential bargains.But whether you’re a newbie investor or a seasoned pro, deciding which stocks to add to your shopping list can be daunting prospect during such unprecedented times.Fortunately, The Motley Fool is here to help: our UK Chief Investment Officer and his analyst team have short-listed five companies that they believe STILL boast significant long-term growth prospects despite the global lock-down…You see, here at The Motley Fool we don’t believe “over-trading” is the right path to financial freedom in retirement; instead, we advocate buying and holding (for AT LEAST three to five years) 15 or more quality companies, with shareholder-focused management teams at the helm.That’s why we’re sharing the names of all five of these companies in a special investing report that you can download today for FREE. If you’re 50 or over, we believe these stocks could be a great fit for any well-diversified portfolio, and that you can consider building a position in all five right away. I would like to receive emails from you about product information and offers from The Fool and its business partners. Each of these emails will provide a link to unsubscribe from future emails. More information about how The Fool collects, stores, and handles personal data is available in its Privacy Statement. Simply put, Britain was saving. At the end of the second quarter, the official Bank of England household savings ratio – the proportion of earnings saved rather than spent – hit a remarkable (and record) 29%, according to figures recently released. As a guide, it’s normally around five percent.Turning JapaneseSeveral things stem from this. According to UK Finance, the banking trade body, credit card debt balances fell from £69.7bn to £59.8bn by the end of May. Deposits in banks and building societies rose by £37.3 billion in April, following an increase of £67.3 billion in March.5G is here – and shares of this ‘sleeping giant’ could be a great way for you to potentially profit!According to one leading industry firm, the 5G boom could create a global industry worth US$12.3 TRILLION out of thin air…And if you click here we’ll show you something that could be key to unlocking 5G’s full potential…To be sure, some of that was down to people being cautious: these were – and still are – uncertain times. But a lot of it was down to something more fundamental: with shops, hospitality venues, cinemas and sports grounds all shut, there wasn’t nearly as much on which to spend money. And forget blitzing it on exotic holidays: they weren’t on offer, either. Our 6 ‘Best Buys Now’ Shares Put another way, we’re seeing how much we really need to live on. And it’s likely to be a lot less than many people imagined. See all posts by Malcolm Wheatley We’re turning Japanese, I really think so Simply click below to discover how you can take advantage of this. How soon the FTSE 100 will get back to a level of 7,500 or so is anyone’s guess – but as I write these words, it’s still below 5,900.What difference could that make to the prospects of a comfortable retirement? Well, for a 50-year-old starting now and retiring at 67, saving an extra £400 a month over that period, and assuming a relatively undemanding return of 7% a year including dividends, that puts an extra £141,729 in the retirement pot. Save a bit more, get a better return… and the pot will be even bigger. Renowned stock-picker Mark Rogers and his analyst team at The Motley Fool UK have named 6 shares that they believe UK investors should consider buying NOW.So if you’re looking for more stock ideas to try and best position your portfolio today, then it might be a good day for you. Because we’re offering a full 33% off your first year of membership to our flagship share-tipping service, backed by our ‘no quibbles’ 30-day subscription fee refund guarantee. Put another way still, those in work are seeing just how much it is possible to save. Even those who have prioritised paying off debts are going to run out of debts to pay off at some point: enforced saving will follow.Granted, that too won’t last forever – although it will likely last for as long as pubs, restaurants, shops and cinemas continue to feel unsafe. And by then, the consumption compulsion could be seriously weakened. Some people – perhaps many people – will do this, I’m sure. Image source: Getty Images And put yet another way still, consumption-mad Britain is going to look rather like Japan, where stoically high savings ratios have for years been the post-war norm. (Hence this article’s title, by the way, for anyone who isn’t a fan of The Vapors’ 1980 hit.)Opportunity knocksWhat are we all going to do with these savings? Stick them in savings accounts earning less in interest than the current rate of inflation?
I’m sure you’ll agree that’s quite the statement from Motley Fool Co-Founder Tom Gardner.But since our US analyst team first recommended shares in this unique tech stock back in 2016, the value has soared.What’s more, we firmly believe there’s still plenty of upside in its future. In fact, even throughout the current coronavirus crisis, its performance has been beating Wall St expectations.And right now, we’re giving you a chance to discover exactly what has got our analysts all fired up about this niche industry phenomenon, in our FREE special report, A Top US Share From The Motley Fool. “This Stock Could Be Like Buying Amazon in 1997” Click here to claim your copy now — and we’ll tell you the name of this Top US Share… free of charge! Stock market crash: I’d drip-feed money into cheap shares to make a million Simply click below to discover how you can take advantage of this. Renowned stock-picker Mark Rogers and his analyst team at The Motley Fool UK have named 6 shares that they believe UK investors should consider buying NOW.So if you’re looking for more stock ideas to try and best position your portfolio today, then it might be a good day for you. Because we’re offering a full 33% off your first year of membership to our flagship share-tipping service, backed by our ‘no quibbles’ 30-day subscription fee refund guarantee. Our 6 ‘Best Buys Now’ Shares Peter Stephens | Monday, 9th November, 2020 Image source: Getty Images There are a wide range of cheap shares available to buy following the 2020 stock market crash and even after Monday’s ‘Biden bounce’. However, in many cases they face uncertain futures that include the prospect of a second market downturn in the coming months.Therefore, drip-feeding money into undervalued stocks could be a sound move. It may enable an investor to capitalise on even lower valuations that could become available further down the line.5G is here – and shares of this ‘sleeping giant’ could be a great way for you to potentially profit!According to one leading industry firm, the 5G boom could create a global industry worth US$12.3 TRILLION out of thin air…And if you click here we’ll show you something that could be key to unlocking 5G’s full potential…Over time, this strategy may boost an investor’s returns. And it may improve their prospects of making a million.Drip-feeding money into cheap sharesSlowly buying cheap shares could be a better idea than investing a lump sum. That is because of the uncertain economic outlook. At the present time, risks such as coronavirus and Brexit remain relatively high. Any of those threats, as well as a large number of other risks, could cause a second stock market crash. This would mean that investors who invest a lump sum today could experience paper losses. They may also be unable to take advantage of even lower stock prices in the coming months.As such, buying smaller amounts of shares on a regular basis could be a more logical strategy. Regular investing services are widely available, with the cost of a trade being significantly lower than it otherwise would be. This means that regular investing does not produce excessive commission costs that negate the benefits of investing slowly in undervalued stocks.Cheap shares with growth potentialBuying cheap shares after the stock market crash could be a sound move. Certainly, in some cases companies are currently trading at low prices for good reason. For example, they may have weak market positions. Or their balance sheets could contain significant amounts of debt that inhibit their financial prospects. However, many high-quality companies are currently trading at low prices just because of weak investor sentiment towards equities.Historically, buying undervalued shares has been a profitable strategy. Investors who have previously purchased bargain stocks have generally benefited to a greater extent from the market’s long-term growth prospects compared to their peers who purchase companies with high valuations. Low share prices mean greater scope for capital returns that could have a positive impact on an investor’s portfolio.Making a millionDrip-feeding money into cheap shares can produce surprisingly large portfolio values over the long run. For example, investing £500 per month at the stock market’s historic annual growth rate of 8% would produce a £1m portfolio within 35 years.However, through buying undervalued shares today and holding them for the long run, an investor may be able to obtain a higher return than that of the wider market. This may improve their prospects of becoming a millionaire as the stock market recovers from its recent crash over the coming years. Enter Your Email Address I would like to receive emails from you about product information and offers from The Fool and its business partners. Each of these emails will provide a link to unsubscribe from future emails. More information about how The Fool collects, stores, and handles personal data is available in its Privacy Statement. See all posts by Peter Stephens
ArchDaily ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/933505/guadalupe-river-house-low-design-office Clipboard Houses Guadalupe River House / Low Design OfficeSave this projectSaveGuadalupe River House / Low Design Office United States Architects: Low Design Office Area Area of this architecture project Save this picture!© Casey Dunn+ 26Curated by Paula Pintos Share Guadalupe River House / Low Design Office “COPY” Photographs Projects Area: 2884 ft² Year Completion year of this architecture project Year: CopyAbout this officeLow Design OfficeOfficeFollow#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesOn FacebookNew BraunfelsUnited StatesPublished on February 11, 2020Cite: “Guadalupe River House / Low Design Office” 11 Feb 2020. ArchDaily. Accessed 10 Jun 2021.
Friends of the Elderly’s Peace Of Mind appeal delighted to receive Freemasons’ Donation Howard Lake | 23 November 2010 | News About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Friends of the Elderly’s Peace of Mind Appeal has received a major boost with a grant from The Freemasons’ Grand Charity totalling £80,000.The donation will be used towards the building cost of a specialist 24-bedroom dementia care home adjacent to Friends of the Elderly’s existing residential and nursing care homes in Malvern.Sir Michael Perry, Chairman of the Peace of Mind Appeal, said, “I am delighted to receive such a generous sum on behalf of the appeal. I know that the causes supported by the Freemasons’ Grand Charity are chosen because they aim to make a significant difference to people in need and that’s certainly the case with people living with dementia.”Jo O’Boyle, Director of Fundraising for Friends of the Elderly, added, “Recent reports suggest that by 2030 there will be a rise of over 70% in people diagnosed with dementia in the West Midlands. This generosity from the Freemasons’ Grand Charity helps us to respond to that increased need by building the new dementia unit.”Speaking about the donation Richard Goddard, Provincial Grand Master for Worcestershire Freemasons said: “Friends of the Elderly provides a wonderful service, supporting older people and their families. This new home, specifically catering for those living with dementia, will provide much needed help for people in the local area and we are very glad to be able to assist in this way.”The Peace of Mind Appeal is targeted to raise £500,000 of the estimated £3.2m needed for the development of the home, and has raised £240,000 so far.The Major Grants Scheme is just one of the initiatives driven by The Freemasons’ Grand Charity which donates over £3 million to national charities every year. Tagged with: Capital appeal Funding Midlands 38 total views, 1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis
Former-Detroit Mayor Dave Bing is warning local corporate leaders that the city could be on the verge of an urban rebellion.Speaking at the Detroit Chamber of Commerce policy conference held Feb. 24 at the Motor City Casino downtown, Bing said that despite rhetoric about an economic resurgence, the majority African-American population was being left out of key decision-making roles.Bing said conditions indicated the city was just “one incident” away from an explosion similar to events in Ferguson, Mo., or what happened in Detroit in July 1967. The Detroit Rebellion nearly five decades ago was the largest of such outbreaks in the history of the United States.“As much as we say or think we are being inclusive, the reality is we are not,” said Bing. “There is an undercurrent of frustration and anger that could lead to a negative outcome.” (Deadline Detroit, Feb. 25)The former Pistons basketball star, corporate spokesperson and businessman during the 1960s through the present, Bing noted that he had spent several months talking with African-American businesspeople, students and others in the city. He said many feel “left out” of the so-called revival of Detroit.“African-American economic empowerment and neighborhood development must be an essential part of Detroit’s resurgence. Diversity is about counting people. Inclusion is about making people count,” he emphasized.During Bing’s mayoral tenure, the general perception among many people in Detroit was that he was preparing the city for emergency management and restructuring, which occurred under his leadership from 2009 to 2013. Bing never provided any serious opposition to the imposition of emergency management by Republican Gov. Rick Snyder, which forced the city into bankruptcy during 2013-14, the largest in U.S. municipal history.Bing has been closely allied with the automotive industry, serving as a spokesperson for Buick during the late 1960s, when the African-American liberation struggle was at a high level. This was a period when many professional athletes identified with and joined demonstrations against racism and national oppression.Obviously Bing is echoing certain sections of the ruling class in Detroit who realize that conditions are worsening for the African-American people. Growing militancy among the masses has been seen in protests against the engineers of emergency management and bankruptcy at three public events in recent months.Residents blocked parking lots and confronted guests at two gala affairs at the Detroit Institute of Arts that honored federal Judge Steven Rhodes, who presided over the city bankruptcy theft of retiree pensions, health care programs, public assets and massive water shut-offs; the Jones Day law firm, which represented the Snyder administration’s restructuring plan in court; and former-Emergency Manager Kevyn Orr.Bing attacked by Duggan administrationA public forum at Wayne State University in late 2015 was cancelled due to disruptions by people in the audience who denounced Snyder and Orr. Corporate-oriented Mayor Mike Duggan refused to walk onto the stage amid the demonstration. Duggan is the first white mayor in the city since 1973.Bing’s statements were attacked as untrue by Police Chief James Craig the next day. Craig often brags that street crime is down, yet reports abound related to corruption in the Detroit Land Bank Authority, known for its no-bid contracts and abusive administrators.Other Duggan appointees joined the chorus against Bing, touting their dialogue with African-American business owners and city residents. The Duggan administration is known for its intolerance of critical comments about the social situation in Detroit.Detroit still suffers from widespread poverty, unemployment and home foreclosures. Public transportation is poor, and large swaths of the city remain dark without working street lights.Duggan delivered his “State of the City Address” on Feb. 23 at Second Ebenezer Church on the city’s east side, which has been devastated by job losses and residential flight fostered by the banks and corporations. The speech triggered at least four disruptions from the audience, who chanted him down.Demonstrators gathered outside the entrance of the church carrying a banner that read “Duggan = Black death.” When opponents of the Duggan administration attempted to set up a picket line in front of the church doors, they were told by police that they had to move to the sidewalk because that area was “private property.”Some demonstrators challenged this notion, since the “State of the City Address” is a public event featuring elected officials. Detroit and corporate interests were sued in 2014 for turning away protesters at a public area downtown. The city of Detroit settled the suit and passed a new ordinance ostensibly designed to protect “free speech.” Duggan opponents feel the police action on Feb. 23 violated the law.Anger mounts against false narrativeRecent demonstrations against the city’s ruling-class agents have gained the attention of at least a fraction in the power structure. Bing’s warning cannot be viewed in a political vacuum.Citywide elections are scheduled for 2017, and the Duggan administration and the City Council have almost nothing to show for their efforts over the last three years.Most neighborhood and small business districts in the city remain devastated. Approximately 50,000 homes are facing tax foreclosures after the March 31 deadline.A Detroit News study during 2015 documented that the banks were responsible for the tens of thousands of abandoned homes and apartments in the city. Many of the report’s findings reflect what the Moratorium NOW! Coalition to Stop Foreclosures, Evictions and Utility Shut-offs has been saying since 2008.Successive city and state administrations have failed to stand up to the tyranny of the banks and corporations, which continue to loot the municipality of Detroit and Michigan as a whole.Gov. Snyder has come under fire for his continued emergency management of Detroit Public Schools. Teachers have engaged in “sick-outs” and other protests against the deplorable conditions in the schools.Darnell Earley, the DPS emergency manager appointed by Snyder, stepped down on Feb. 29. Meanwhile, retired federal Judge Rhodes has been appointed the new emergency manager of the DPS by Snyder.This appointment exposes the fact that Snyder and his backers are committed to maintaining corporate control over the DPS and all other aspects of public life in the city. Legal efforts by the state-controlled school system to sanction teachers for their protest actions have failed so far.Duggan and his allies are proposing a new scheme of control and disempowerment over the DPS through what they call a Detroit Education Commission. This plan would continue the denial of the right to vote for an empowered school board, which has been rendered totally impotent by the state.These developments, if continued, could very well lead to a mass rebellion, given the broad anger and discontent among the city’s nearly 700,000 residents.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare this
Home Indiana Agriculture News U.S. Talking Trade with Japan This Week Previous articleUSDA Update on Farm Bill Implementation ProgressNext articleWarmer Weather Arrived Last Week, Reports of First Corn Planted NAFB News Service SHARE Facebook Twitter Facebook Twitter By NAFB News Service – Apr 15, 2019 U.S. Talking Trade with Japan This Week SHARE Trade talks are underway between Japan and the United States this week as Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer meets with Japan’s Economic Advisor. Agriculture complaints are “front and center” according to Politico, ever since President Trump withdrew the U.S. from the then-called Trans-Pacific Partnership. The Trump administration is expected to push for similar concessions for U.S. agriculture as seen in the TPP. The Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership, called the CTPP, replaced the original agreement the U.S. backed away from, giving U.S. agriculture’s competitors a market advantage.Japan will be seeking market access in return, which could include growing markets for its specialty agricultural products. The preliminary talks are expected to wrap up early this week. For now, there’s little word on what objectives the Trump administration has for any deal with Japan, with the expectation that talks this week will surface more details.
“Need Of The Hour To Fight The Disease Not Persons Involved In Fighting The Disease”; Maharashtra Govt Tells Bombay HC
News Updates”Need Of The Hour To Fight The Disease Not Persons Involved In Fighting The Disease”; Maharashtra Govt Tells Bombay HC Nitish Kashyap19 May 2020 8:21 AMShare This – xThe State of Maharashtra told the Bombay High Court on Tuesday told the Bombay High Court that it is the need of the hour to fight the disease and not the persons involved in fighting the disease while replying to a public interest litigation alleging that due to the unhindered movement of doctors, nurses, sanitation workers, policemen and others working in essential services, the number…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe State of Maharashtra told the Bombay High Court on Tuesday told the Bombay High Court that it is the need of the hour to fight the disease and not the persons involved in fighting the disease while replying to a public interest litigation alleging that due to the unhindered movement of doctors, nurses, sanitation workers, policemen and others working in essential services, the number of positive cases of Coronavirus in different parts of suburbs around Mumbai have risen. Division bench of Chief Justice Dipankar Datta and Justice SS Shinde heard via video conferencing a PIL filed by Charan Bhatt, a resident of Vasai who sought directions for arrangement of accommodation for such persons In Mumbai itself in order to “prevent the spread of Covid-19.” The said PIL relies on news from newspapers as well as websites to point out that from the 136 infected patients in Vasai Virar as on May 1, 57 have recovered, 10 have died and 69 are undergoing treatment. Now, the petitioner alleges that 47 of the 60 positive cases are doctors, para-medical staff, media reporters and others working in the essential service industry. A similar scenario exists in Thane, Kalyan-Dombivli and Navi Mumbai, the PIL contends. Advocate Uday Warunjikar appeared on behalf of the petitioner. In an affidavit filed through Deputy Secretary (Relief), Disaster Management, Relief & Rehabilitation, Revenue & Forest Department, State informed the Court at the outset that it is impossible to arrange for the accommodation of all employees working in emergency services such as medical professionals, police, fire services, disaster management etc considering the sheer number of such employees living in the suburban areas including Vasai-Virar. “Making such an arrangement for the employees will put more stress on an already stressed machinery which is engaged in the fight against Covid-19”, the affidavit states. Moreover, the State told the Court that imposing restrictions on movement of medical professionals and para-medical staff can lead to severe impediments in rendering Covid and Non-Covid medical services – “Ensuring unhindered movement of all such medical professionals is essential for meeting the public health requirements and saving precious human lives”. Similarly, the affidavit states that smooth movement of police personnel is essential for maintenance of law and order and unhindered movement of employees in essential services industry is also necessary. Finally, it is stated in the affidavit that all such professionals who enjoy unhindered movement also take the necessary precautions like masks, hand sanitizers, gloves etc to prevent themselves from getting infected with Covid-19- “It is humbly submitted that the need of the hour is to fight the disease not the personnel involved in fighting the disease.” Thus, the State sought disposal of the PIL in the interest of justice.Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Story
Top StoriesParliament Passes GNCTD Amendment Bill To Enhance Powers Of Delhi Lieutenant Governor Akshita Saxena24 March 2021 9:00 AMShare This – xAmid massive furor and protest from the Opposition members, the Rajya Sabha on Wednesday passed the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (Amendment) Bill, 2021. It was passed by the Lok Sabha on Monday.Rajya Sabha Deputy Chairman Harivansh Narayan Sigh declared the bill passed in a voice vote after a walkout by the opposition. Before the opposition walkout, the motion to…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginAmid massive furor and protest from the Opposition members, the Rajya Sabha on Wednesday passed the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (Amendment) Bill, 2021. It was passed by the Lok Sabha on Monday.Rajya Sabha Deputy Chairman Harivansh Narayan Sigh declared the bill passed in a voice vote after a walkout by the opposition. Before the opposition walkout, the motion to consider the bill was passed with 83 ‘Ayes’ and 45′ Noes’ and no abstentions. Following that, the opposition members walked out. The Bill seeks to enhance the powers of Lieutenant Governor of Delhi by declaring him to be the “Government of Delhi”. It also provides that the opinion of the LG “shall be obtained” on all such matters as may be specified by the LG, before taking any executive action on decisions of the Council of Ministers of the Delhi Government. The Opposition members voiced that the Bill will subvert the elected Government of Delhi by vesting overriding powers in the LG, who works at the instructions of the Centre, and will affect cooperative federalism. Delete “This is the most pernicious, most unconstitutional Bill which this House has ever received”: Dr. Abhishek M Singhvi @DrAMSinghvi on Govt of #Delhi (Amendment) Bill 20201, which redefines Delhi Govt as LG.#RajyaSabha pic.twitter.com/suPoT92EgP— Live Law (@LiveLawIndia) March 24, 2021 They also opposed introduction of the proposed amendments by way of a simple Amendment Bill. It was stated that since Delhi has been conferred a special status under Article 239AA of the Constitution (Special provisions with respect to Delhi), any change in the powers of the Delhi Government should be brought by way of a Constitutional Amendment only. It was also alleged that the Bill is an attempt to circumvent the interpretation made by a Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court in the Delhi v. LG case, which held that the LG is an administrative head in the “limited sense” and that he is “bound by the aid and advise” of the Council of Ministers of Delhi Government, except in matters of land, police and public order. The Members said that by making implementation of the decision taken by the Council of Ministers of Delhi subject to the decision of the LG, the Central Government is overturning the 5-judge Bench judgment. Salient features of the Bill: The Bill seeks to amend the GNCT of Delhi Act, 1991, a legislation that provides framework for functioning of the Delhi Legislative Assembly and re-defines Delhi Government as the Lieutenant Governor (LG). It curbs the Delhi Assembly’s power to conduct its proceedings as per the rules of procedure made by it. It provides that the Rules made by the Delhi Legislative Assembly to regulate the procedure and conduct of business in the Assembly must be consistent with the Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business in the Lok Sabha. The Bill also prohibits the Legislative Assembly from making any rule to enable itself or its Committees to: (i) consider the matters of day-to-day administration of the NCT of Delhi and (ii) conduct any inquiry in relation to administrative decisions. Further, any provision in force having the above said effect will be void. Further, the Bill provides that the opinion of the LG must be obtained before taking any executive action on decisions of Delhi Government, on such matters as may be specified by the LG. Comparison with Supreme Court Constitution Bench judgment This last leg of the Bill, requiring the Government to mandatorily seek the Lieutenant Governor’s opinion on the matters so specified by him may be contrasted with the observations made by the Supreme Court in GNCT of Delhi v. Union of India & Anr. (commonly known as Delhi v. LG case). Delineating the boundaries of power between the Lieutenant-Governor and Delhi Government in the said judgment, the Supreme Court had held that the LG cannot interfere in each and every decision of the Delhi Government, and that the LG is bound by the aid and advise of the Council of Ministers of the Delhi Government, except in matters of land, police and public order. The Constitution Bench comprising of then CJI Dipak Misra, Justices AK Sikri, AM Khanwilkar, DY Chandrachud and Ashok Bhushan had ruled that “LG is an administrative head in the limited sense, and is not a Governor. He is bound by the aid and advise of NCT Government in areas other than those exempted”, The Top Court had observed that the elected representatives and the Council of Ministers of Delhi, being accountable to the voters of Delhi, must have the appropriate powers so as to perform their functions effectively and efficiently. It was held that the Parliamentary form of government is based on principle of “collective responsibility” of the cabinet. “If a well deliberated legitimate decision of the Council of Ministers is not given effect to due to an attitude to differ on the part of the Lieutenant Governor, then the concept of collective responsibility would stand negated,” the Supreme Court had held. The Constitution bench added that the real purpose behind the Constitution (Sixty-ninth Amendment) Act, 1991, which inserted Section 239AA (Special provisions with respect to Delhi) and paved way for setting up an elected Government in the Union Territory was “to establish a democratic setup and representative form of government wherein the majority has a right to embody their opinion in laws and policies pertaining to the NCT of Delhi subject to the limitations imposed by the Constitution.” It was held that to realize this real purpose, it is necessary to give a purposive interpretation to Article 239AA so that the principles of democracy and federalism which are part of the basic structure of the Constitution are reinforced in NCT of Delhi in their truest sense. “The exercise of establishing a democratic and representative form of government for NCT of Delhi by insertion of Articles 239AA and 239AB would turn futile if the Government of Delhi that enjoys the confidence of the people of Delhi is not able to usher in policies and laws over which the Delhi Legislative Assembly has power to legislate for the NCT of Delhi,” the order stated. Parliamentary Debate In this backdrop, many members opposed the Bill. Leader of Opposition in the House, M. Mallikarjun Kharge said that the Government is trying to seize the powers of elected representatives in Delhi in order to run a “proxy Government” by handing over all the powers to a nominated LG. He said that such centralization of power is against the Constitutional principles and the Bill must be referred to a Select committee for scrutiny. MP from a constituency of Delhi, Sanjay Singh strongly opposed the Bill as being unconstitutional. He referred to Article 239AA(6) of the Constitution which states that “the Council of Ministers shall be collectively responsible to the Legislative Assembly”. He said that this being the position of the Constitution, there is no scope for the Government to make the Council of Ministers responsible to the LG by seeking his opinion for implementation of its orders. Remarks by Senior Advocate Abhishek Manu Singhvi Senior Advocate Abhishek Manu Singhvi, who is also a member of the Parliament, vehemently opposed the Bill. “This is the most pernicious, most unconstitutional Bill which this House has ever received,” he said at the outset. He emphasized that Delhi was especially inserted Constitutionally by Article 239AA which provided that it should be a full state and all provisions that apply to a State shall apply to Delhi. This is barring the power to legislate upon matters of public order, police and land. He told the House that he appeared before the Supreme Court in Delhi v. LG case and will cite certain excerpts from the Constitution Bench judgment that will demonstrate that the Bill in question tries to nullify the effect of that judgment. He quoted: “A conjoint reading of Article 239AA (3) (a) and Article 239AA(4) reveals that the executive power of the Government of NCT of Delhi is coextensive with the legislative power of the Delhi Legislative Assembly which is envisaged in Article 239AA(3) and which extends over all but three subjects in the State List and all subjects in the Concurrent List and, thus, Article 239AA(4) confers executive power on the Council of Ministers over all those subjects for which the Delhi Legislative Assembly has legislative power” (emphasis supplied). He further quoted, “Article 239AA(4) confers executive powers on the Government of NCT of Delhi whereas the executive power of the Union stems from Article 73 and is coextensive with the Parliament’s legislative power. Further, the ideas of pragmatic federalism and collaborative federalism will fall to the ground if we are to say that the Union has overriding executive powers even in respect of matters for which the Delhi Legislative Assembly has legislative powers. Thus, it can be very well said that the executive power of the Union in respect of NCT of Delhi is confined to the three matters in the State List for which the legislative power of the Delhi Legislative Assembly has been excluded under Article 239 AA (3) (a)” (emphasis supplied). Singhvi further read the Supreme Court judgment: “The Lieutenant Governor has not been entrusted with any independent decisionmaking power. He has to either act on the ‘aid and advice’ of Council of Ministers or he is bound to implement the decision taken by the President on a reference being made by him.” He remarked that the Bill is not only against Article 239AA of the Constitution but is also opposed to the Supreme Court judgment and the principles of Federalism. He added that Cause 4 of the Bill precludes the Delhi Legislative Assembly from considering matters of day-to-day administration of the Capital or from conducting inquiries in relation to administrative decisions. This he said, is against Entry 39 in List II under Schedule VII of the Constitution which provides that powers of Legislative Assembly are within the domain of the State Government. With respect to the provision requiring LG’s opinion before implementation of Government’s decisions, Singhvi said that it is against sub-clause 6 under Article 239AA of the Constitution which states that the Council of Ministers shall be collectively responsible to the Legislative Assembly. “But this Bill says that everyone will be responsible to LG. This is direct contradiction,” Singhvi remarked. Government’s reply Union Minister G Kishan Reddy claimed that the Bill does not propose to bring any Constitutional amendment. He insisted that the Bill only seeks to clear certain ambiguities in the law. Reddy claimed that that the Bill neither takes away any right from the Delhi Government nor it confers any new rights on the LG. He said that the proposed amendments are to clarify the points raised after directions from the Supreme Court. “The Honorable Court said it is incumbent on Delhi Government to inform the Lieutenant Governor of its decisions. Some clarification is needed as it is affecting the citizens. It is necessary to remove the administrative uncertainties…It will improve administrative functioning,” he said. BJP MP Bhupender Yadav insisted that Delhi is not a full-fledged State. He said that the territory is essentially a Union Territory whose head, as declared under the Constitution, is the LG. He stated that the proposed amendments to the 1991 Act are in line with General Clauses Act, 1897, which states that the head of the Central Government is the President and that of the State Government is the Governor. He said that since Delhi is a union territory, its head shall be the LG by the same analogy. So far as proposed restrictions on the powers of the Delhi Legislative Assembly are concerned, he said that the same are only being standardized by bringing them in line with the Lok Sabha rules as part of “good governance”. He clarified that the Delhi Assembly Committee may look into Bills, Budgets, etc. However, it cannot look into day-to-day administration of the Government. “If Committee starts looking into criminal cases, what happens with powers of executive police,” he asked. He stated that the Supreme Court in its judgment said that the LG needs to be informed of all the decisions that are made by the Council of Ministers. He insisted that the Bill is simply intended to give effect to that observation. Click Here To Download BillNext Story
WhatsApp Google+ RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR FT Report: Derry City 2 St Pats 2 WhatsApp Pinterest AudioHomepage BannerNews DL Debate – 24/05/21 There are further calls on Donegal County Council to highlight the need for extra Garda resources in Donegal. It follows reports of an increase in burglaries, unprovoked assaults and dangerous driving in various parts of the county in recent months.The issue is to be raised at today’s sitting of the Letterkenny Municipal District.Cllr Adrian Glackin believes the spike in crime in Donegal cannot be dealt with efficiently because Gardai are limited with the resources and personnel they currently have:Audio Playerhttp://www.highlandradio.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/aidygardai1pm.mp300:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume. Facebook Pinterest Derry draw with Pats: Higgins & Thomson Reaction Harps come back to win in Waterford Facebook Google+ By News Highland – January 15, 2019 Previous article27 people awaiting in-patient beds at LUHNext articleGardai investigate break-in at Convoy National School News Highland Twitter Twitter Donegal Gardai ill-equipped to deal with spike in crime – Glackin News, Sport and Obituaries on Monday May 24th Important message for people attending LUH’s INR clinic